Obligations that were enforced would, by the virtue of the force behind them, not be freely undertaken and would not be in the realm of the ethical.
None of these situations would seem to be covered by a biblical command. As its central focus is human flourishing as such, virtue ethics may seem unavoidably anthropocentric and unable to support a genuine moral concern for the non-human environment.
This point may not so readily apply to a wider consequentialist approach, which attributes intrinsic value not only to pleasure or satisfaction, but also to various objects and processes in the natural environment. Connections between environmental destruction, unequal resource consumption, poverty and the global economic order have been discussed by political scientists, development theorists, geographers and economists as well as by philosophers.
Back to Table of Contents Christians from most church traditions are agreed that the Bible plays an essential role in determining our understanding of such commands and principles.
The position can be structurally compared to some indirect form of consequentialism and may attract parallel critiques see Henry Sidgwick on utilitarianism and esoteric morality, and Bernard Williams on indirect utilitarianism.
A woman was traveling through a developing country when she witnessed a car in front of her run off the road and roll over several times.
We must pray over His Word, and open ourselves to His Spirit. A further suggestion is that there is a need to reassess traditional theories such as virtue ethics, which has its origins in ancient Greek philosophy see the following section within the context of a form of stewardship similar to that earlier endorsed by Passmore see Barry We do not wish to have the fruits of our labor stolen from us.
For instance, certain fruits have instrumental value for bats who feed on them, since feeding on the fruits is a means to survival for the bats. The same is true for moral rules against lying or murdering. The depth of what remains admits of degrees, but something remains. Exactly which animals have intrinsic value and therefore the moral right to respectful treatment?
For another example, a certain wild plant may have instrumental value because it provides the ingredients for some medicine or as an aesthetic object for human observers.
It is nothing but a giant machine, to be mastered to serve human purposes. An overemphasis on love can sometimes lead to vagueness and lack of accountability. Larry Burkett, Business by the Book Nashville: Any adequate study of this intertwined set of problems must involve interdisciplinary collaboration among philosophers and theorists in the social as well as the natural sciences.
Friedrich Nietzsche, for example, argued that the superhuman creates his or her morality distinct from and in reaction to the slave-like value system of the masses.
Car dependency, however, is at the heart of many environmental problems, a key factor in urban pollution, while at the same time central to the economic and military activities of many nations and corporations, for example securing and exploiting oil reserves.
Keep your promises even when it hurts. Currency devaluation did make exports cheaper but at a time when export markets for primary goods were oversupplied and prices were falling.
Instead, a moral utterance like this involves two things. Instead of bulldozing away old suburbs and derelict factories, the synergistic panpsychist sees these artefacts as themselves part of the living cosmos, hence part of what is to be respected.
Is it ethical to have hiring preferences for under-represented ethnic groups? There is also a daily pattern of work and rest Psalm More significantly, according to act-utilitarianism, specific acts of torture or slavery would be morally permissible if the social benefit of these actions outweighed the disbenefit.
For one thing, the Bible tells us that the body is a temple of the Holy Spirit and that we should honor God with it 1 Corinthians 6: Briefly, this is the view that all the moral duties we have towards the environment are derived from our direct duties to its human inhabitants.
On the principle of ethical egoismthe woman in this illustration would only be concerned with the consequences of her attempted assistance as she would be affected. It is his character we are called to develop through the working of his Spirit.
Therefore, same-sex oriented persons as well as their activities can and should be respected whether or not they have a choice to be otherwise" p. For Kant, we treat people as an end whenever our actions toward someone reflect the inherent value of that person. However, the critical theorists argue that the positivistic disenchantment of natural things and, likewise, of human beings—because they too can be studied and manipulated by science disrupts our relationship with them, encouraging the undesirable attitude that they are nothing more than things to be probed, consumed and dominated.View Notes - Econ Christian Ethics Project 3 from ECON LUO at Liberty University.
Rachel Wilkinson ECON B14 Prof. Kuo February 18, Christian Ethics Project 3 1) In the s there. The crown jewel of Bonhoeffer's body of work, Ethics is the culmination of his theological and personal odyssey.
Based on careful reconstruction of the manuscripts, freshly and expertly translated and annotated, this new critical edition features an insightful Introduction by Clifford Green and an Afterword from the German edition's editors.
Ethics. The field of ethics (or moral philosophy) involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior. Philosophers today usually divide ethical theories into three general subject areas: metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics. Christian Ethics Project 1 1.
What is the difference between self-interest and selfishness? Why is this distinction important when considering the competitive market economy as appropriate for a society?
Answer: Christian ethics is well summarized by Colossians “Since, then, you have been raised with Christ, set your hearts on things above, where Christ is seated at the right hand of God.
Set your minds on things above, not on earthly things. David Popenoe, co-director of the National Marriage Project at Rutgers University has said that the survey doesn't make sense.
He based this belief on his assessment that Christians follow biblical models of the family, making a bond that "the secular world doesn't have It just stands to reason that the bond of religion is protective of marriage, and I believe it is.Download